Xingyi Quan, also known as Yi Quan, Xin-yi Quan, or Xin-yi Liuhe Quan,
is a traditional Chinese martial arts. No one can really say who was the
inventor and when it was invented. Today we are sure that Master Ji
Jike (Longfeng) was the first person to teach Xingyi Quan. We believe
Ji was the founder of Xingyi although he claimed he got this skill from
General Yue Fei's book. Thus we always say Ji was the first generation
master of Xingyi. Later Xingyi Quan spread out into two groups:
northern group and southern group. The southern group is usually
also called Henan Style. It started from Ji's disciple Master Ma Xueli.
The southern group is small but really famous. Many masters from
different generations of the style earned their repution from hard
fighting. In the northern group, Master Cao Jiwu was only one famous
student of Ji. Cao taught this skill to Master Dai Longbang, and then
Dai passed the skill to his son Dai Wenxiong. Dai family lived in Qi
County of Shanxi Province. Today people call Xingyi from this area is
Dai Style or Older Shanxi Style.
The fifth generation Master Li Luoneng was the greatest Xingyi master.
He studied Xingyi with Dai Wenxiong for about ten years and then
taught in both Shanxi and Hebei provinces. Most of his students
became very famous. They won the reputation for this skill and made
Xingyi became popular. Today more than ninety percent Xingyi
practitioners are in Li's lineage. Because most of his students are in
Shanxi and Hebei, people call these two groups are Shanxi Style and
Hebei Style. In Shanxi Li's disciples Che Yizhai and Song Shirong were
the best and they were the leaders of Shanxi Style. In Hebei Li's
disciple Guo Yunshen and Liu Qilan were the most famous. They
traveled and challenged many famous masters, and they won the great
reputation for Hebei Style. Today there are four main styles. They are
Henan Style, Dai Style (or Older Shanxi Style), Shanxi Style, and Hebei
Master Wang Peisheng studied Shanxi Style from Master Zhao Runting
and Hebei Style with Master Han Muxia. Zhao Runting was Master Bu
Xiekuan's disciple and Bu studied with Master Che Yizhai. Han Muxia
was Master Zhang Zhaodong (Zhankui) 's disciple and Zhang was
Master Liu Qilan's disciple. Han Muxia became famous as a teenager
and won his great reputation for his fighting skills. He was respected
as one of three best masters in his generation. Han was also a great
Bagua master. Besides studying Xingyi with Han, Master Wang also
received intensive Bagua training from Master Han.
|Five Elements Fighting Form
There are two main practice sets in Xingyi Quan. One is called Xing
Quan, it includes twelve animal fighting skills. The other is called Yi
Quan, it includes the five element fists which follow the Wuxing idea of
Taoism and are the basic skills of Xingyi. The most important basic
gongfu (kungfu) training is Santi Shi which is a pole standing practice.
It is the source and the foundition of all skills. All Xingyi skills are
simple but useful. People usually practice each skill over and over
again until they really feel it, There are some linking forms and two
persons application sets in Xingyi also.
Hebei Style Xingyi, including empty hand forms and weapons, is taught
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