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Yin Cheng Gong Fa Association North American Headquarters
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Copyright © 2000 YCGF_NAH. All rights reserved.
     
 
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Bagua Zhang, also called Bagua Quan, is one of the most famous Chinese martial
art. It is based on the idea of Bagua from Yi Jing. During less than 200 years, many
famous masters have been trained in this style and at the same time have developed
its techniques. No other style like Bagua developed so quickly in such a short time.
Today there are many different Bagua styles practiced and taught. In YCGF, three
very famous Bagua styles are practice; they are Yin Style, Cheng Style, and Liu Style.
Who was Bagua Zhang invented by and when? Nobody can answer that question.
However, Dong Haichuan was the first person who taught Bagua Zhang publicly.
For many reasons, we believe that Dong Haichuan was the founder of Bagua Zhang.
Dong taught Bagua Zhang in Beijing. He had great reputation for his fighting skill.
Many people studied with him. Later some of his students earned their own
reputation and set up their own style. The most famous of them were Yin Fu, Cheng
Tinghua, Song Yongxiang, and Liu Dekuan.
Bagua Founder - Dong Haichuan
 
     
                              Yin Style Bagua
 
 
wpe41.jpg (2406 bytes) Yin Fu was Dong's earliest disciple when Dong worked in King
Duan's palace. Yin's gongfu (kungfu) advanced very fast during
the next several years. The king liked him too and let Yin join
the king's security guards. When Master Dong retired, Yin took
over as the supervisor of the security guards. Then he worked
for the emperor in the Forbidden City. The Empress Dowager
liked his skill and even wanted to study with him. Yin taught
Bagua and lived on the eastern side of Beijing city. So Yin style
will always be called
Dong-cheng Zhang (Eastern City Palm).
The other name of Yin style is
Niu-she Zhang (Ox Tongue Palm)
because the palm's shape in this style looks like an ox tongue.
Yin style Bagua Zhang includes eight sections, each section
includes eight postures. So that the sixty-four posture palm
change is practiced in circle walking.
Ma Gui was Yin Fu's
senior disciple and the successor of this system. Later some of
Yin's students reformed their practice. They did eight palm
changes as a major practice. This approach is like Cheng style.
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Ox Tongue Palm
Yin Bagua - Forward Thrust Palm
 
     
 
                             Cheng Style Bagua
 
 
wpe42.jpg (2267 bytes) When he was twenty-eight, Cheng Tinghua studied Bagua
Zhang with Master Dong. Before he met Master Dong, Cheng
already practiced Chinese Wrestling for many years. His
fighting skill was very good and he became famous by
beating many challengers. He had many students resulting
in more people studying Cheng style than any other style of
Bagua. He lived and taught on the south side of Beijing city.
So people called his style
Nan-cheng Zhang (Southern City
Palm). According to the palm's shape, the other name of
Cheng style is
Long-zhao Zhang (Dragon Claw Palm). In the
second generation of Bagua group, Cheng's school was the
biggest. The main practice of Cheng style consists of Eight
Mother Palm Change which is called Ba Mu Zhang, Eight Big
Palm Change which is called Ba Da Zhang, and sixty-four
fighting skills. Master Cheng wanted his students to practice
the basics very diligently and then develop application.
Usually most Cheng style groups use Liu Style to practice
sixty-four fighting skills.
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Dragon Claw Palm
Cheng Bagua - Point the Sky and
Hit the Earth
 
     
 
                           Liu Style Bagua
 
 
Liu Dekuan won his great reputation when he worked in a famous
security company before he went to Beijing. He challenged Master
Dong Haichuan but lost, so he decided to study Bagua Zhang
with Master Dong. From his studies he found that many of the
techniques in Bagua are taught from walking the circles; but this
way always made it difficult for people to understand Bagua. If
they paid attention to developing fighting skills when they walked
the circle, they easily overlooked development of internal
components. Only a few people could do both well. So he made a
new form that included sixty-four fighting skills practiced in a
straight line. Every skill came from traditional Bagua but was not
practiced by walking the circle. He suggested that people should
first practice internal components from circle walking, and then
practice fighting skills using his straight form. Most Bagua
masters accepted this idea. His form was called
Liu style Bagua,
Bagua Sanshow,
or straight Bagua. Today most Bagua groups
combine this straight Bagua style in their practice. Nobody
practices it alone; most people study it in conjunction with circle
walking.
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Liu Bagua - Four Dragons Inhale
the Water
 
     
 
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Bagua Zhang is the first training of Grand Master Wang Peisheng from twelve years of
age. He studied Yin Style with Master
Ma Gui who was the most famous master in the
third generation of Bagua. Ma was Yin Fu's disciple and also studied directly with Dong
Haichuan for many years. Although he was small, Ma won his great reputation as a great
fighter. Then Wang studied Cheng Style and Liu Style with Master
Gao Kexing who had
great reputation as a Bagua master. Gao was Cheng Tinghua's disciple. Master Wang
studied Song Style Bagua with Master Song Shutang who was Song Yongxiang's nephew.
These three styles are taught in YCGFA-NAH. They include empty hand forms and
weapons forms.
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                     Circle Walking with the Spear