||Most of the time using only hand techniques alone is not enough to
make a person unstable. You must use your feet too. The
movements of hands and feet must be coordinated. Most Shuai Jiao
footwork training is about how to change directions, how to use your
force, how to adjust your own center of gravity, and how to step.
Shuai Jiao stepping skills must be Kuai – quick, Wen – stable, Ling –
nimble, and Bian – changeable. Quick stepping makes it difficult for
the opponent to follow you. Stable stepping enables you to keep
your own balance, as it is easy to lose balance when you step.
Nimble stepping means that your feet can move in a quick, light, and
accurate manner. Changeable step means that you can always
change your direction and use different kind of stepping. Good
footwork can enable you to gain good control and give your opponent
trouble. Sometimes you can even throw the opponent down without a
trip using footwork alone.
During a Shuai Jiao competition, most of the time you should use
“Ding Ba Bu” (T or L-stance), this stance can help you stabilize which
will make it easier to change footwork. “Shang Bu” - forward step,
this is used to step forward with the rear foot to move forward. “Che
Lun Bu” – wheel back step, this is used to step back with the front
foot and turn the body sideways. This step is often used to move
back quickly. “Jiao Cha Bu” – crossing step, this is used to cross one
foot over the other from the front. This step is often used to move
sideways. “Gai Bu” – cover step, this step is used to move one foot
across the other foot from the front to make the body turn. This step
is often used to change direction. “Bei Bu” – back step, this is used
to step backward with a body turn. This step is often used to turn the
body back and to close your hip in on your opponent. “Tiao Bu” –
jumping step, this is used to jump with both feet together at the same
time to turn your body backward. The series of photographs in this
page show several common steps.
When you step, the position of the foot is always very important. You
need to constantly assess where the best and worst foot position
lies. Good position always gives your opponent trouble, bad position
will give your opponent a chance to get you. The most dangerous
time is when your foot first touches the ground after moving, when
you have shifted less than 50% of your weight on to it, because at
this time your foot is not yet stable and it is difficult to move or change.